There are many strategies to managing anger and each of them is intended to help people who are repeatedly having issues managing a healthy and normal response to upsetting situations. Sometimes things can be so intense that it escalates to the point of violence. When a person experiences multiple episodes of angry or reckless behavior; there's a problem, one that needs to be dealt with.
Anger management classes overseen by a professional in the field of anger management provides an opportunity for people to learn techniques and strategies to control their anger. Teaching participants how to deal with their anger by managing unwanted or harmful feelings and emotions. Explaining the benefits of exercises such as deep breathing, meditation and other means of relaxation would likely be on the lesson plan. Helping people to find positive and constructive ways to work through their problems with anger is the main objective of anger management classes.
I challenge everyone to find that thing or experience that allows you to get grounded. A space that is void of a demand and requirement; a moment where you “stop the clock” so that you can have a good day. My routine occurs in the morning; you may have a mid-day routine or nightly routine – but get a routine so that you feel you’ve had a good day.
Identifying and addressing dysfunctional familial and personal relationships is important but when you do the math and recognize how much time you spend at work; you may find that you spend more time in toxic professional spaces that are affecting your happiness and mental stability.
In many situations, time can blunt our ability to see things clearly, so ask yourself these questions:
1. Aside from the actual work, what is the number one thing your colleagues discuss- is it how awful the job is?
2. Do you feel supported with the ability to express legitimate concerns? If not by your direct supervisor by the company as a whole?
3. Are meetings and trainings "one-way streets" with little input from anyone but senior/upper management?
4. And last but certainly not least do you flat out dread going to work on a daily basis?
Making the move to the unknown can be daunting, the fear and anxiety associated with job hunting can keep many people stuck in place far too long. Some experience guilt with leaving co-workers they have spent years with or have lost the drive and motivation to seek out other opportunities. Complexities such as these can scar self-confidence and create a justification of “it’s not that bad”, when it really is “that bad”.
A vital part to healing after leaving a bad job experience is not taking that negativity with you. Here are some tips to help ensure that your role at the new job doesn't perpetuate the same old patterns.
Look for the lesson and learn from experience; balance that by staying mindful on the present not dwelling on the past. Mentally replaying all that went down at your previous place of employment is not helpful and does not aid growth. Refrain from verbalizing your past employer experience to your new coworkers, it may feel cathartic, but it will not endear you to them in the long run.
Oftentimes people become a reflection of their surroundings, so do an inventory on yourself and examine the ways you may have internalized situations and became part of the problem.
Making a list of workplace problems, whether they be aggressions that were directed at you or that you directed at others, can help pinpoint and address harmful or dysfunctional behavior in your brain, and allow you to move on with a healthier perspective.
Seek trainings and workshops to help you with potentially outdated processes as well as updating your skill set for growth and marketability.
By building your self-esteem and self-confidence the level of fear and anxiety can be more manageable. Talking to a therapist or life coach or even bonding with other individuals in similar situations can give you objective support and help you realize you are not alone facing the challenges of starting over in your professional life.
“Life always begins with one step outside of your comfort zone.”
― Shannon L. Alder
Most people understand a "comfort zone" to be the world we create for ourselves that is safe, secure and made of familiar routines. It can be a space to protect and nourish all the good things in our life. It can also be used as a shield in the hopes of guarding against everything from small anxieties to enormous emotional pain. Figuring out when to stay within the confines of your comfort zone and when to leap into uncharted territories can be scary but navigating these decisions can have big and positive rewards.
Take a moment and think of an activity considered run of the mill that you personally dread doing and try hard not to engage in. Whether it's traveling, meeting new people or standing up for yourself (even to people you already know and love); the way you avoid these interactions is how you have created your comfort zone. By not stretching yourself in anyway, you may feel safe in your little fortress. But experiencing some stress and anxiety is a part of life. This protected place also removes the possibility of transition and growth which gives life meaning and value.
More often than not, it is fear and the thought of failure that keeps us from accepting a more challenging road. But the reality is that we do have the ability to overcome obstacles and be rewarded for our efforts. Like many things, expanding your personal boundaries doesn't have to start with an enormous act. You can take small steps and like a cup of coffee meld a variety of flavors from your personality to create new blends to replace the standard way you deal with things. Taking different combinations and using them in different life situations.
It's important to remember that the totality of your life doesn't just consist of positive feelings and happy experiences. Only by tapping into your emotional reservoir can you find out how deep it is.
If you can allow yourself to see the risk as a benefit in and of itself, you will stop settling for middling to fair and reach for the top shelf.
Finding the right balance means evaluating the timing and getting to know yourself. Some people find they thrive by being stretched in multiple directions while others may take a while to find their personal threshold. Your goals, dreams, ambition and needs are unique and are waiting on the other side of that comfort zone. Take all of your fears and anxieties and forge ahead anyway.
#Self-Care is a recognizable hashtag to anyone on social media. And even if you don't use Instagram or Tweet chances are you have encountered the phrase in magazines, talk shows or in self-help books. Often the idea or phrase can be associated with consumerism and the purchasing of everything from high end beauty treatments to luxury vacations. This approach essentially makes self-care about the pursuit of things that are often financially inaccessible to the very people who need to take care of themselves the most.
Here are some suggestions on how you can replenish, rejuvenate and restore:
Previous generations may have found restoration by leaning on their families, communities and churches. Modern life doesn't always present those options but the development of strong emotionally healthy bonds with friends who become family can be an act of self-care. Conversely, eliminating or severely restricting time spent with toxic individuals can do a lot for your overall well-being.
Spend some time in the sun. Some studies have shown Vitamin D to improve mood and boost serotonin levels.
Get some rest and relaxation. Book a massage, luxuriate in a hot bath or shower, or just sleep in one morning. So often our busy schedules make something as basic as a good night’s sleep seem like a luxury.
Have a good laugh. Get some comedic relief with a movie or listening to your favorite comedian can help detach from routine daily stressors.
Make a list of affirmations that help combat the negative self-sabotaging thoughts
Advertisements, especially those that we are unconsciously ingesting through social media can make nourishment of the body seem as if it's only for the wealthy and can put you in a stressful space where trying to access a wellness routine leaves you anxious and on edge. If this is you, try unplugging from your devices. Though professional needs may make that difficult, possibilities include deleting certain apps from your phone, designating specific hours as no screen time, or making your bedroom a device free zone.
The ways in which people feel rejuvenated is going to vary wildly, so it's okay if your version of self-care is non-traditional just as long as it is focused on physical, emotional and relational health. So don’t feel guilty the next time you need some “you time.” It’s not a selfish act; it’s necessary for your health.
The mere nature of relationships come with an array of dynamics. As we grow and invest time as well as energy into a relationship, we may find that we have been building a relationship built on unhealthy behaviors. One of the most common trends that we find during counseling sessions is a pattern of codependency. It is a common term you may have heard before but let's delve into what it means, what the patterns and pitfalls look like and finally ways to break its cycle.
The term codependency is commonly associated with people who are supporting or enabling individuals dealing with addiction. But that is only one of the many ways in which a relationship can exhibit signs of codependency.
In fact, any two people who are invested to the point where neither can function independently may be considered codependent. While typically there is a passive party who looks to the other for decision making and a more commanding personality who is "in charge" it is important to remember this is going to look different from situation to situation. The consistent factor is if your sense of self-worth and identity are wrapped up in another person's mood and happiness- it is an unhealthy dynamic.
Hallmark Signs of Codependency include:
Inability to make decisions within a relationship
Low self-esteem and lacking trust in yourself
Valuing the approval of others more than yourself
Constant fears of abandonment
Being dependent on the other person to your own detriment
Feeling an overwhelming sense of responsibility for the behaviors/actions of others
Many people involved in codependent relationships benefit from therapy. Individual sessions can help the traditionally "dependent" person build self-esteem, confidence and an understanding why they are relying so much on other people for fulfillment. If both people are invested in change, couples or family therapy can help restructure the framework of their relationship.
Breaking the cycle will begin with taking accountability for your contribution to the relationship and being honest with yourself and your partner. Living a lie breeds resentment and anger but an open dialogue about your needs and desires can be the start of healing.
Creating or re-establishing ties with people outside of your codependent relationship(s) can help eliminate the feelings of isolation that often accompany these situations. External relationships have often suffered neglect so it may feel like a big task but small steps such as texting or even going the extra mile of a mailed card can go a long way in the right direction.
Reignite your passions! Pick up a hobby; whether it's continuing an old one or starting a new pursuit. This time for yourself spent doing what you love will help you feel whole without the other person.
Eliminating the codependent behavior may or may not entail saying goodbye to your partner but the goal of breaking the cycle of codependency is to ultimately see yourself as a competent and capable independent person.
Setting clear boundaries. Where does your partners needs end and yours begin? Realizing you are not responsible for anyone's happiness but your own will allow you to live in a guilt free healthy relationship.
Lastly, remember that healthy relationships are comprised of two separate identities having commonalities and differences with acceptance, respect and level of understanding. When you find yourself consumed with your significant other in a way that your own interests, happiness and mental health start to take a back seat to theirs – get help. Self-care can begin with reaching out to a mental health professional for individual therapy or group therapy to learn behavioral patterns and coping skills to change course.
Everyone wants a relationship with their significant other that is emotionally healthy and fulfilling. Building and maintaining a partnership may not come easily or naturally. Here are some tips that will help you protect your marriage both before AND after the going gets rough;
This is can be both obvious and really hard. But taking the time to speak about anything and everything will help foster intimacy and trust. Whatever issues arise there has to be conversations about those issues; avoidance and assumptions will drive a wedge in any relationship. Most people will have arguments or contentious conversations where neither side truly hears the other. The ability to take a breath and return to a topic when cooler heads prevail may allow you the space to express your feelings in a calmer more rational way. Conversely it will also give you an opportunity to listen to your ex with a more open mind.
The hectic pace of modern life, with work and family obligations means most people are pressed for time and have very little to spare. Planned date nights are fun and good if you can have weekly or monthly activities for just the two of you. But remember quality time with your partner doesn't always need to be elaborate, but deliberate. Carve out a designated spot on your calendar during which you can do something together, whether its taking a walk, watching a TV show or even running errands.
Have Clear Boundaries
When it comes to the big things in life know where your partner stands. Whether it's sex, money or parenting styles being fully informed about what your spouse finds acceptable is important. This doesn't mean that you have to be in perfect agreement every step of the way; but respecting the other person’s position and finding common ground is an absolute must. It is the responsibility of each person to relay this information in an assertive manner; there is no room for passive aggressive behavior.
Living In The Present
Hurt feelings in a relationship are pretty much inevitable, be it a small argument or the much larger pain of infidelity. An honest evaluation of the causes and repercussions of the situation is necessary for healing and growth. Immersing in the pain and refusing to let go will ultimately undermine your marriage with increased resentment. A lack of reflection and personal responsibility can waste precious time spent on healing. The timeline for “moving on” is highly personal and will depend on many factors. Speaking with a licensed mental health professional can help couples maneuver through the stages and phases of an affair and/or barriers in a relationship.
Keeping Counseling as an Option
Fortunately, societal ignorance and shame associated with seeking counseling has declined. Marriage counseling with a therapist who is a good fit for both partners can open the way for healthy communication and gaining insights on how to resolve longstanding, difficult issues. I recommend couples seek counseling prior to getting married and as many times as needed after getting married as it is just as important and necessary as going for individual counseling. Some couples are apprehensive because they fear increased arguing; however, if this is true for you and your partner then there are likely some things that could use some processing. The goal is to learn to listen to one another, increase mutual respect and make a concerted effort to understand one another.
In psychology, compartmentalization is defined as a defense mechanism where someone suppresses their thoughts and emotions. It is not always done consciously but this can often justify or defend a person’s level of engagement in certain behaviors. Compartmentalization, unbeknownst to me at the time, was in large how I was able to function as a mother, wife and student after the unexpected death of my sister. When I reflect on that time period, I was not purposefully using any tools to manage the grief; I only knew there were responsibilities that needed to be handled and I completed many of them without realizing the risks that could have been looming.
Are there benefits to compartmentalization? Absolutely! Certain necessary professions would cease to exist without this tool. For example, a firefighter may have a family that depends on them at home, but they must rush into life-threatening situations without hesitation to do their job. Being able to compartmentalize those two realities allows them to perform under intense pressure. Most of us, gratefully, are not asked to run into burning buildings in our daily lives.
How does compartmentalization help us in more commonplace situations?
Compartmentalizing can help at a time when a couple has decided to divorce yet for the protection of others (and maintaining some privacy) will continue to take pictures with smiles and attend family gatherings as though all is well. Being able to separate the wide range of emotions felt momentarily allows them to continue functioning “normally”.
We also flex this muscle when the source of increased stress at work could be that group project with a co-worker you just don’t care for. Whether it’s their politics, or religious beliefs, or favorite sports team, something rubs you the wrong way. Putting that away in its own separate place in your brain can allow you to hunker down and complete the task at hand.
Giving yourself permission to manage your own mental health regardless to the time of day is another healthy advantage to compartmentalization. Immersing yourself in the movie you’re watching, reading a book, journaling, taking a long relaxing bath, or going for a hike in nature can help you “disconnect” from your acute or chronic issues and help you tackle whatever’s wearing you down.
But there are serious disadvantages that come with compartmentalization, too.
You run the risk of being emotionally unavailable. If you are grieving a lost loved one, you might find it more comforting to go about your daily routine as if nothing has changed than confront the emotions you’re naturally feeling. Although you might be sitting at the table, your family can sense the disconnect and drifting or feel you are pushing them away.
Unfortunately, compartmentalizing is a common tool for people engaging in aberrant sexual or social behavior. The boss who is sexually harassing his female employees may be a loving father to his daughters. The daughter who is abusing drugs and alcohol may appear to be the picture of stability around her parents. The dissociation is required to function in both facets of their world.
If you have engaged in any behavior society considers outside the norm and have successfully compartmentalized that experience from your otherwise “normal” life, you might be tempted to do it repeatedly, or escalate further, creating a loss of impulse control. It is important for your emotional and mental wellness to meet with a mental health professional to identify your benefits and risks that come from your compartmentalization.
As you reflect on moments in your past and/or current experiences, you might be able to identify how you compartmentalize. Maybe you want to get better at it to help separate your personal life from your work life. Perhaps you want to alleviate or reduce this habit because you can see the potential damage to your marriage, your employees or your own psychological health. Compartmentalization is not all negative; however, if you feel vacillating between the two worlds is opening you up to disassociate in ways that are harmful to yourself or the people around you, I encourage you to seek professional help with a mental health professional.
The most predictable facet of life is its unpredictability. When we expect things to zig, they zag. When this happens, many people can be struck with something called adjustment disorder. Adjustment Disorder (sometimes referred to as Stress Response Syndrome) is when one experiences an acute or persistent emotional reaction filled with irrational thoughts and behavior after a major life change. The response is often disruptive and can impact quality of life. These events can trigger a period of adjusting where you experience significant stress and anxiety.
Some common life events include:
● The sudden or impending death of a loved one
● Being diagnosed with a serious or chronic illness
● Being the victim of a crime
● Job changes
● Surviving through a major accident or a disaster
● Significant life changes like getting married, having a baby, going to college, retiring, etc.
Adjustment Disorder differs from diagnoses such as major clinical depression or general anxiety disorder based on the number of symptoms, the intensity and primarily length of time. When managing adjustment disorder the manifestation may present as feeling overwhelmed, difficulty concentrating, withdrawal from others and trouble sleeping. Most of the time we can cope with our ever-changing lives but sometimes our stressors are abrupt, short term and/or intermittent and we simply have difficulty “getting back to normal”.
Typically, people adjust within a few months after a life changing event but when the response to the life disruption is extended, we encourage clients to seek treatment. This is not one size fits all; symptoms will vary from person to person. If you are suffering after a life event, here are some ways you can manage:
1. Seek professional help – Speak with your physician’s office, get into therapy - either one-on-one with a mental health professional or in a group setting to learn the right coping skills to help yourself.
2. Reduce daily stressors – Avoid things that trigger an intense negative reaction for you. Don’t be afraid to say “no” to manage your boundaries for self-care as you adjust.
3. Medicine – Depending on the symptoms a low dose antidepressant or anti-anxiety medication may help reduce the impact and help you identify the appropriate coping skills .
4. Be mindful of your intake – Maintaining a good diet not only helps your body but your mind as well. Try to reduce or eliminate your alcohol or caffeine intake as well.
5. Lean on your support system – Tell your friends and/or family about how you’re feeling. Having someone you trust that to listen without judgment or shaming is invaluable during times of stress.
There is no foolproof way to prevent Adjustment Disorder; but getting help early will lessen your symptoms. If left untreated, it can develop into a more serious condition like major depressive disorder. A licensed mental health professional can teach you ways to cope with stress and anxiety and put you on the path to wellness.